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  • Population: 1.3 billion
  • Currency: yuan
  • Guinness World Records: most people painting each other's faces simultaneously in one location (13,413), largest bottle of cooking oil (containing 3212 litres), most couples hugging (3009 couples).
  • Internet users: 135 million
  • Milk beer: from Inner Mongolia, an alternative to the traditional mare's-milk wine.
  • Squirrel fish: whole mandarin fish deep-fried and manipulated to resemble a squirrel.
  • Number of chinese characters: over 56,000

Han Chinese

The Han Chinese makes up 92% of the population in China, which is also the largest ethnic group in the world. The Han culture outdates many European cultures by at least one thousand years. The Han is one of the long and lasting civilizations in history.

What is the distribution of Han Chinese?

As the largest ethnic group in both China and worldwide, the Han Chinese has a population of about 1.16 billion which accounts for 19% of the world's total population. Over 99% of Han people live in China while others live abroad in other countries like Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Thailand, North America and many countries in Europe such as the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The Han Chinese has become one of the main ethnic groups in those countries.


In China, the Han Chinese can be found in almost everywhere with a population of 1159.4 million. However, they mainly live in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Yangtze River and the Pearl River, and also in the Northeast Plain Region.

What is the history of Han Chinese?

Han clothes

The Han name derives from the Han Dynasty, during which many different tribes in China began joining along commonalities. Traditional Han society has three basic classes, which are the Mandarins (bureaucrats and aristocrats); a class of peasants, workers and artisans; and the "mean people," those who are outcasts of society. Ever since the founding of the Chinese Empire the Han have dominated China, with exception to two the regime of the Yuan dynasty and the Qing dynasty.

The Mandarin class was completely made up of the Han people, as was the massive bureaucracy power base in the Chinese Empire. Even during the periods when the Han were not in direct control of China, they still have great impact.
What is about Han Language?

Chinese belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages and is the language of the Han people. The Chinese language is divided into seven dialects namely Mandarin, Wu Dialect, Xiang Dialect, Gan Dialect, Min Dialect, Cantonese and Hakka. In different regions, the standard of Chinese varies in term of spoken Chinese and written Chinese. The Mandarin is the standard designated language on the Chinese mainland and Taiwan; while Cantonese is the prime dialect of Hong Kong.

Leaning Chinese

Chinese is written in two forms by the Han people – the traditional Chinese characters and simplified Chinese characters. As large numbers of Han Chinese, its language is the most widely spoken Chinese in the world. Commonly referred to as ‘Mandarin Chinese’, it is actually a Beijing-based dialect of the Han language.

What are Han Chinese’s beliefs?
Confucian Building

Definitely, most of Han Chinese are atheists nowadays. However, in ancient China, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, are the main religions. Many people also belong to various Christian denominations due to the influence of Western culture.

Confucianism was the belief that greatly affected the Chinese culture. Today, even though the government of China officially promotes atheism; many Han still hold traditional beliefs. For well over 2,000 years, China has practiced Confucianism. Confucianism has held a place at the center of a traditional Han family.

Confucianism is not a religion, rather a set of rules regarding relationships. To the Han Chinese, family is extremely important. The oldest male is considered the head of the household, and is to be respected. The traditional Han family would prefer to remain close to immediate and extended family, rather than being separated.

Founded about the same time as Confucianism, most Han are also Taoists. Since Confucianism is not a religion, most Han practice a mixture of the two.

What is about Han Chinese Food and Food Culture?

The basic food of Han is rice and wheat. Rice is versatile and can be served in a variety of ways including porridge, rice cake, glutinous rice dumpling and rice noodles. Wheat is used in the production of steamed bread, noodles, steamed stuffed buns and wonton. Han people living in different regions of China have formed unique styles of cooking. Tea and alcohol are the Chinese traditional drinks. The Han Chinese likes to entertain their honored guests with Chinese tea and alcoholic drinks.


spring rolls

The diet also varies quite a bit between different regions. In the North, where the Mandarin Han are predominant, there is more grazing area so there are more cattle or chicken consumed. In the south, where the Cantonese Han are predominant, fish is more common.

What is about Han Chinese festivals?

dancing dragon

Festivals of Han Chinese are rich and colorful. The most important festivals are the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid-autumn Festival. People arranged different activities to celebrate those festivals. For example, in Dragon Boat Festival, people will eat zongzi which is made by sticky rice. Moreover, there will be Dragon Boat competitions in the South.

What is about Han Costume?

The basic Han clothing was a robe, which was either full-length or calf-length. The front of the robe was left cut, and it was kept closed by a belt. As a rare commodity, cloth was valued by the Han. Silk was also valued, and was often used to reward service to the State. Excess fabric was used to indicate wealth and prestige, and wearing larger and larger clothing, often to the point of immobilizing the wearer, conveyed status.

Han clothes

Han clothes

A Song Dynasty Chinese painting showing a scholar in scholar's robes and musicians dressed in a Hanfu variant, 12th century remake of a 10th century original by Gu Hongzhong.


Today, few wear traditional Han Chinese clothing on a regular basis. The most popular traditional Chinese clothing called the qipao was worn by many women nowadays on important occasions is called. Qipao is a modified dress-code of Qing Dynasty rather than the Han.

What is about Han Chinese Names??

Chinese names are typically two or three Chinese character in length, with the surname preceding the given name. Surnames are typically one character in length, though a few uncommon surnames are two or more syllables long, while given names are one or two syllables long. In historical China, surnames were a crucial identity of Han people.

What is about Han medcine?

Chinese herbal medicine is one of the great herbal systems of the world, with an unbroken tradition going back to the 3rd century BC. Chinese herbal medicines along with the other components of Chinese medicines are based on the concepts of Yin and Yang. It aims to understand and treat the fundamental balance and harmony between the two. It is also used to undermine the ways in which a person's Qi or vitality may be depleted or blocked. Clinical strategies are based upon diagnosis of patterns of signs and symptoms that reflect an imbalance. 

Chinese Medicine

However, the tradition as a whole places great emphasis on lifestyle management in order to prevent a disease before it occurs. Chinese medicine recognizes that health is more than just the absence of disease and it has a unique capacity to maintain and enhance our capacity for well being and happiness.

Throughout much of history, successive Han Chinese have exerted influence on their neighbors in many areas, such as art, music, religion, food, dress, etc. In modern times, Han Chinese forms the largest ethnic group in China, and also makes contribution to the whole world.

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