The ancient tea history of China creates tea scientific technologies for mankind and also accumulates the most abundant literature of tea history for the world. Among the vast cultural classic books, there are not only books specially discussing tea, but also a large quantity of records about tea life, tea history, tea law and production technology of tea in historical books, local records, notes, textual studies and ancient books of calligraphy.
“The Classic of Tea”, written by Lu Yu (733–804AD, age of Tang Dynasty) the Sage of Tea, was the first definitive work on cultivating, making and drinking tea. Lu Yu was an orphan of Jinling County (now Tianmen County, Hubei Province) who was adopted by a Buddhist monk of the Dragon Cloud Monastery. During the An Lushan and Shi Siming rebellion period, he retired to Shaoqi (now Wuxing County, Zhejiang Province). During this period, Lu Yu made friends with many literati and wrote his magnum opus “the Classic of Tea”. “The Classic of Tea” is made of “Three Scrolls Ten Chapters”. For Lu Yu, tea symbolized the harmony and mysterious unity of the Universe.